Free of Trade Publishing Assets, Wiley Closes Fiscal Year Flat
Newly denuded of trade publishing assets, Wiley closed its fiscal year essentially flat. While digital products like learning management systems helped digital in the education division grow to 30% of overall revenue, e-textbooks grew very slowly as students and professors don’t seem to be ready to adopt them yet.
Leadership said in a statement (below) that 2014 will be a transitional year for Wiley. The company believes that significant earnings from the growth in digital, restructuring the company and the Deltak online higher education business it acquired mid-year will not be realized until 2015.
– Tripling of open access journal revenue to $3 million
– Ebooks in the education division only grew 3% on the year to $6 million. This dovetails with new data on how students and professors aren’t yet adopting e-textbooks.
– Learning management system Wiley PLUS revenue grew to $12 million, a 35% increase
– For the education division, digital revenue was $50 million, or 30% of total revenue
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Reports Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2013 Results
Fiscal year adjusted revenue, which excludes the results of the divested consumer publishing programs and the impact of foreign exchange, grew 1%. Revenue growth on a U.S. GAAP basis was essentially flat excluding foreign exchange.
On a comparable basis to Q3 guidance, fiscal year EPS was $2.97 vs. $2.95 to $3.05. EPS on a U.S. GAAP basis was $2.39 per share compared with $3.47 in the prior year, driven principally by unusual charges related to restructuring as well as lower print book sales.
Adjusted free cash flow of $270 million, up from $260 million in FY12, including some timing benefits. Adjusted free cash flow excludes a $42 million disputed income tax deposit paid to the German tax authorities in fiscal year 2013.
Fiscal Year 2014 outlook is for low single-digit revenue growth, excluding divested consumer publishing programs, and adjusted EPS in a range of $2.85 to $2.95, which excludes all consumer programs, restructuring, impairment and other unusual items
Restructuring on-track to realize $80 million run rate expense savings starting in FY15.
The Company divested certain consumer publishing programs during fiscal year 2013. The divestment of the consumer publishing programs followed the Company’s announcement in March 2012 to explore opportunities to sell or discontinue consumer publishing programs that no longer align with the Company’s long-term strategy. The divestment of the consumer publishing programs was effectively complete by April 30, 2013. For comparison purposes, revenue from these divested consumer publishing programs of $5.2 million and $45.6 million for the fourth quarter and fiscal year 2013, and $19.1 million and $73.0 million in the fourth quarter and fiscal year 2012, respectively, have been excluded in determining adjusted revenue.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (NYSE: JWa and JWb), a global provider of knowledge and knowledge-based services in areas of research, professional development, and education today announced results for the fourth quarter and fiscal year 2013.
Fiscal Year Highlights
Adjusted revenue change by segment, excluding FX and divested consumer publishing revenue: Research -2%, Professional Development +5%, and Education +7%. Research performance was impacted by timing issues around journal publication and subscription orders, a decline in print book sales and a drop off in corporate reprints and backfiles. Adjusted Professional Development revenue (excluding divested consumer revenue in all periods) grew 5% due to the growth in workplace learning (Inscape) and test prep and certification, including the acquisition of ELS, and digital book sales partially offset by lower sales of print books. Education’s 7% growth is primarily attributed to the mid-year addition of Deltak, and strong performance from WileyPLUS and other digital and custom products, which offset declines in print textbooks. U.S. GAAP revenue change by segment, excluding FX: Research -2%, Professional Development -2%, and Education +7%.
Adjusted EPS declined 5% to $2.92 per share excluding FX, the restructuring and related impairment charges, the divested consumer publishing programs and certain other items described in the attached schedules and notes. On a comparable basis to third quarter guidance, EPS was $2.97, which is equivalent to U.S. GAAP but excluded all fourth quarter unusual items. This result was unfavorably impacted in the fourth quarter by $0.02 of additional negative foreign exchange. Revenue performance, combined with higher technology expense and higher interest expense, was partially offset by lower income tax rates and contributions from recently acquired businesses including Deltak, Inscape and Efficient Learning Systems (ELS). EPS on a U.S. GAAP basis declined to $2.39 per share. See attached schedule for reconciling details.
Adjusted Free Cash Flow: $270 million vs. $260 million in fiscal year 2012, due to timing, improved cash collections and lower capital spending. Adjusted free cash flow excludes a $42 million disputed income tax deposit paid to the German tax authorities in fiscal year 2013.
Net Debt and Cash Position: Net debt of $339 million, up from $215 million at the end of fiscal year 2012 as a result of acquisitions and share repurchases. Cash and cash equivalents at April 30, 2013 were $334 million.
Shared service and administrative costs grew 2% for the year on an adjusted basis, which excludes restructuring and asset impairment charges. Higher technology spending was partially offset by lower distribution, finance and other administration costs.
Acquisition and Divestitures: In October 2012, Wiley acquired Deltak, an online program provider for higher education institutions, for $220 million. In November 2012, Wiley acquired ELS, an e-learning systems provider in areas like CPA test preparation, for $24 million.
Share Repurchases: Wiley repurchased 1,846,873 shares this year at a cost of approximately $74 million.
Dividend: In June 2012, Wiley increased its quarterly dividend by 20% to $0.24. It was the nineteenth consecutive annual increase, and follows a 25% increase in fiscal year 2012.
Restructuring: In January 2013, Wiley initiated an expansion of its ongoing program to restructure and realign its cost base with current and anticipated future market conditions.
As a result, the Company recorded restructuring and impairment charges in the fourth quarter of $39.6 million or $0.46 per share. The charge includes accrued redundancy costs; U.S. defined benefit pension plan termination costs; process reengineering consulting costs and the write off of certain publishing and technology assets. The Company is on track to realize approximately $80 million in cost savings on a run-rate basis by the end of April 2014. The Company is targeting a majority of the cost savings achieved to improve margins and earnings, while some will be reinvested in high growth digital business opportunities.
New CFO named: As previously announced, Ellis Cousens, Wiley’s CFO and Chief Operations Officer, will retire as planned at the end of Fiscal Year 2014. Following a comprehensive external search, Wiley has named John Kritzmacher, former CFO of Lucent Technologies and Global Crossing, as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, effective July 1, 2013. John will be responsible for Wiley’s global finance function and activities, business development, M&A and investor relations. Ellis Cousens will retain responsibility for certain global operations and oversee the Company’s cost restructuring initiative until his retirement from the Company.
Segment renaming: Wiley has changed the name of two of its three operating segments to reflect their core mission. Scientific, Technical, Medical and Scholarly has been renamed “Research” and Global Education is now “Education.”
Fourth Quarter Highlights
Adjusted revenue change by segment, excluding FX and divested consumer publishing revenue: Research -1%, Professional Development +2%, and Education +25%. Research performance was due to a decline in print book sales, which offset journal-related growth. Professional Development’s performance is attributed to growth in online training and assessment (Inscape) and ebooks partially offset by lower print book revenue. Education grew 25% due to the contribution from Deltak and WileyPLUS partially offset by continued weakness in print textbooks.
GAAP revenue change by segment, excluding FX: Research -1%, Professional Development -11%, and Education +25%
Adjusted EPS fell 5% to $0.71 per share excluding FX, the restructuring and related impairment charges, the impact of the divested consumer publishing programs and certain other items described in the attached schedule. Growth from online training and assessment (Inscape) and contingency costs savings were partially offset by lower print book revenue and higher technology expense. EPS on a U.S. GAAP basis for the fourth quarter fell 84% including restructuring and impairment charges and certain other items described in the attached schedule.
Share Repurchases: Wiley repurchased 741,189 shares this quarter at an approximate cost of $28.5 million.
As previously announced at the end of the third quarter, Wiley recorded a fourth quarter restructuring charge of $24.5 million ($0.27 per share) related to its cost restructuring initiative, which is on track to yield $80 million in run rate net savings by the end of fiscal year 2014. The charge is primarily related to severance and other employee separation-related benefits; process reengineering consulting costs and U.S. defined benefit pension plan termination costs. As previously noted, the Company is targeting more than half of the cost savings achieved to improve financial performance, while the remainder will be reinvested in high growth digital business opportunities. The $24.5 million charge and other actions identified to date will yield approximately $38 million in ongoing savings towards the $80 million overall program objective when fully phased-in over the course of fiscal 2014. Finally, as a result of the restructuring strategies identified, the Company recorded impairment charges on technology and controlled circulation journal assets of $15.2 million ($0.19 per share).
Wiley expects to record an additional charge or charges during fiscal year 2014 as it implements successive phases of the program. Given progress to date, the Company expects that it will be in a position to begin implementation of the next phase of the restructuring initiative mid-fiscal year which will generate a charge for additional employee separation-related benefits of a similar size to that taken at year end fiscal 2013. The Company will endeavor to provide as much forward guidance on such charges and progress on the achievement of savings as feasible over the course of the fiscal year.
“Although we are disappointed with our revenue and earnings performance this year the positives for the year are noteworthy,” said Stephen M. Smith, President and CEO of Wiley. “We made the largest non-content acquisition in our history with the purchase of Deltak, an online program provider for higher education institutions. It not only transformed our educational institutional services business in a high growth area of the market, it also provided Wiley with a new institutional sales channel, and moved us well along the path towards digital content and services. Our Professional Development business is also more sharply focused on professional communities today than a year ago. We have sold our consumer publishing programs while recently acquiring a workplace assessment provider in Inscape and a test preparatory platform provider in ELS. Finally, in Research, we won the largest society deal in our history, a $23 million contract with the American Geophysical Union (AGU); we experienced outstanding growth in China; and our calendar year 2013 journal billings are up about 3% as of the end of May.”
Mr. Smith continued: “Our Research business was affected this year by the timing of journal publication and subscription orders versus last year, as well as a decline in print book sales and corporate reprints. With that said, the underlying performance of the journals subscription business is solid. While print book sales were anticipated to decline in all three segments, the declines were more significant than anticipated in parts of the business. Under the circumstances we are pleased that Wiley is able to report solid free cash flow for the year, which is the result of underlying performance, some timing benefits, cash collections from journal subscriptions and prudent capital spending. Our recent acquisitions and our digital products also performed strongly.”
“In the last six months we have initiated the largest restructuring and reinvestment program in Wiley’s history, which is on track to realize its goal of $80 million in run rate savings by the end of fiscal 2014; we announced Ellis Cousens’ pending retirement and concluded a search for a new CFO,” said Mr. Smith. “We heartily welcome John Kritzmacher to the Wiley team. John is a former CFO at Lucent Technologies and Global Crossing, a former COO of Services at Alcatel-Lucent, and a former SVP-Business Operations and Organization Planning at WebMD.”
Mr. Smith concluded: “FY14 will be a transitional year for Wiley. The significant earnings benefits coming from the restructuring, Deltak, and newly-developed businesses will not be fully realized until FY15. We are expecting adjusted EPS, excluding all fiscal year 2013 and 2014 restructuring and impairment charges, the full impact of our former consumer publishing programs, and one-time tax benefits or charges, to be more or less flat in the range of $2.85 to $2.95. Expected results for fiscal year 2014 include ongoing investments in enabling technology, the year-on-year increase in incentive plan costs to target levels versus FY13 actual accruals, and investments to accelerate growth in Deltak in-line with the extraordinary market opportunity.”
Mr. Smith continued: “We expect a significant lift in FY15 earnings from savings resulting from the completion of the restructuring initiative, contributions from acquired business and new digital products and services. Going forward, we expect the downward trajectory of core-business earnings to moderate as print-related efficiencies take effect. At the same time we expect to see significant earnings contributions coming from new digital products and services and acquisitions.”
As reflected in the attached schedules, for the quarter ended April 30, 2013, earnings were unfavorably affected by $0.02 per share when compared to the same period ended April 30, 2012. Revenue was unfavorably affected by $7 million, while costs and expenses were positively affected by $5 million. For the twelve-month period, earnings were unfavorably affected by $0.04 per share compared to fiscal year 2012. Revenue was unfavorably affected by $17 million, while costs and expenses were positively affected by $13 million. For fiscal year 2013 (FY2012), the weighted average rates for sterling decreased 2% to 1.58 (1.59), and the euro decreased 6% to 1.29 (1.37) against prior year on a U.S. dollar equivalent basis. Unless otherwise noted, amounts referenced in this report are presented excluding the effect of foreign exchange transactions and translations.
Fourth quarter revenue fell 1%, excluding FX
Fourth quarter adjusted contribution to profit including allocated shared service and administrative costs fell 4%, excluding unusual items and FX
Five new society journals were signed in the quarter with combined annual revenue of $3 million. Two were lost or not renewed worth $563,000. Nineteen were renewed worth approximately $10 million annually.
Calendar year 2013 journal subscription billings by end of May are approximately 3% above same time prior year due to strong society wins and growth in U.S. and Asia
Research revenue for the quarter fell 3% to $283 million, or 1% excluding FX due largely to a sharp decline in print book sales, which offset higher journal revenue. Fourth quarter contribution to profit including allocated shared service and administrative costs fell 16% excluding FX, or 4% excluding restructuring and impairment charges.
For the fiscal year, revenue fell 3% to $1.01 billion, or 2% excluding FX due to timing and phasing issues around journal subscription orders and publication, a decline in print book sales, and a significant drop-off in corporate sales and advertising. Fiscal year contribution to profit including allocated shared service and administrative costs fell 8% excluding FX, or 3% excluding the year to date restructuring and impairment charges and FX, due to top-line results and higher technology costs.
For calendar year 2013, the Company piloted an alternative journal subscription license model for a group of customers. Previously those customer licenses were based on a commitment by the Company to provide a discrete number of online journal issues which provided for recognition of revenue by the Company as issues were published. Under this alternative model, Wiley provides access to all content published in the calendar year and provides for recognition of revenue ratably at 1/12th per calendar month. The new licensing terms result in a $3.0 million shift of revenue from fiscal year 2013 to fiscal year 2014, but will have no impact on current or future calendar year journal revenue.
Restructuring and Impairment Charges
Fourth quarter Research results include restructuring and related impairment charges of $3 million and $10 million, respectively. Full year results also include a $3 million restructuring charge taken in the first quarter of fiscal year 2012. See attached schedules and related notes for further detail.
Journal Subscription Timing
In fiscal year 2013, the Research segment experienced a “perfect storm” of adverse timing and phasing issues around journal subscription orders and publication, which resulted in lower-than-expected subscription revenue. Although calendar year 2012 subscription billings were up 1.6% and calendar year 2013 subscription billings through April 30, 2013 increased approximately 3%, the following phasing and other impacts lowered fiscal year 2013 reported revenue by approximately $15 million offsetting all of the expected 2% growth versus prior year:
Timing of issue publication (-$3 million) vs. FY2012
Timing of subscription orders (-$2 million) vs. FY2012
New society publication schedule (-$2 million)
Timing of cash-basis subscriber revenue (-$3 million) vs. FY2012
Time-based earnings pilot (-$3 million)
Other/mix variance (-$2 million)
Fourth Quarter Revenue by Product/Service (excluding FX):
Journal Subscription revenue grew 1% to $180 million mainly due to issue publication
iming and continued tight library funding
Print Book sales fell 25% to $27 million
Digital Book sales fell 12% to $12 million
Advertising/Corporate Reprints fell 2% to $18 million
Article Select (pay-per-article) was flat at $5 million
Open Access revenue more than tripled to $3 million
Calendar year 2013 subscription billings are up approximately 3% as of the end of May versus same time last year due to strong society wins and growth in the U.S. and Asia.
Five new society journals were signed in the quarter with combined annual revenue of $3 million
Nineteen were renewed in the quarter worth approximately $10 million annually
Two were lost or not renewed in the quarter worth $563,000
PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT (PD)
Fourth quarter adjusted revenue grew 2%, excluding FX and revenue from the divested consumer publishing programs in both the current and prior year periods.
Fourth quarter adjusted contribution to profit including allocated shared service and administrative costs was flat at $6 million excluding FX and unusual items noted below.
Digital revenue grew 36% excluding FX in the quarter to $27 million, or 27% of total revenue.
Adjusted Professional Development revenue for the quarter grew 2% to $95 million, excluding revenue from divested publishing programs in both years and the impact of foreign exchange. Contributions from Inscape and the ELS acquisitions, as well as the test prep and certification partnership with the CFA Institute and ebook revenue were offset by a decline in print book revenue. For the quarter, adjusted contribution to profit including allocated shared service and administrative costs was essentially flat year-over-year at $6 million excluding unusual items top-line results and cost savings initiatives.
For the quarter, digital revenue was 27% of total PD revenue, or $27 million, a roughly 36% increase over prior year excluding FX. Results were driven by online assessment (Inscape), eLearning services (CPA and CFA test prep and certification) and ebooks.
For the fiscal year, adjusted revenue grew 5% to $371 million excluding the operating results of the divested consumer publishing programs. The performance of acquired companies and professional partnerships and ebook revenue offset a decline in print book sales. Adjusted contribution to profit for fiscal year 2013 including allocated shared service and administrative costs grew $4.9 million to $21.5 million excluding FX and unusual items. Growth was driven principally by results from acquired companies and costs savings initiatives.
Fourth quarter and fiscal year adjusted results exclude the following unusual items:
Restructuring charges in the fourth quarter and full fiscal year 2013 of $6 million and $8 million, respectively.
A $10 million fiscal year 2013 gain on the sale of consumer travel publishing program.
A $16 million fiscal year 2013 charge for the impairment of consumer publishing assets.
A $4 million loss on the sale of the remaining consumer publishing assets reported in the fourth quarter and full fiscal year 2013 results.
The operating results of the consumer publishing program for all periods. Fourth quarter revenue from consumer publishing for fiscal year 2013 and 2012 was $5 million and $19 million, respectively. Contribution to profit, excluding the loss on sale of consumer publishing, was a $2 million loss and $2 million of profit, respectively.
Fiscal year 2013 and 2012 revenue from consumer publishing was $46 million and $73 million, respectively. Contribution to profit, excluding the sale and impairment of consumer programs, was profit of $1 million and $8 million, respectively.
Fourth Quarter Revenue by Product/Service (excluding FX):
Print book revenue fell 12% to $60 million, excluding the revenue from the divested assets
Digital book revenue grew 18% to $17 million
Online Training and Assessment nearly doubled to $9 million due to the performance of Inscape workplace learning solutions
Online Training and Assessment
We merged our Inscape and Pfeiffer business into a single Workplace Learning Solutions group during the quarter. Inscape performance for the full fiscal year 2013 exceeded the Company’s earnings expectations. The results reflect the Company’s successful migration to a new 3rd generation Everything DiSC application. Year-over-year comparative revenue growth from Inscape was 8%. Sales through Inscape’s North American distributor sales channels grew 7.5%, while sales through other global distributor channels increased 8.9%. We added a second product development studio, doubled the number of assessment-related training products under development and added leadership focus and brand management resources to our Everything DiSC and Leadership Challenge Lines.
Test Prep and Certification
Our indigenous test prep program showed solid growth in fiscal year 2013 with the addition of the Certified Managerial Accountant (CMA) exam prep to our historic and growing CPA Test Prep. Total revenue nearly doubled to $6 million. During the year, Wiley also completed the acquisition of ELS, a provider of the full online CPA Review course ‘CPA Excel’, which contributed revenue of $4 million to the Company’s results.
Fourth quarter revenue grew 25%, excluding FX, to $63 million. Excluding Deltak ($17 million) and FX, revenue fell 9% due to a decline in print textbook sales including for-profit institutional sales.
Fiscal year digital revenue grew $51 million to 30% of revenue vs. 15% in the prior year mainly due to the addition of Deltak revenue, +26% growth in WileyPLUS, and increased ebook sales.
Fourth quarter adjusted contribution to profit including allocated shared service and administrative costs improved $2 million to a loss of $8 million, excluding FX and a $1 million restructuring charge. Results reflect top-line performance and higher margin digital products.
Fourth quarter Education revenue grew 24% to $63 million, or 25% excluding FX.
Excluding Deltak, which contributed $17 million of revenue in the quarter, Education revenue fell 9% due to a sharp decline in print textbooks, which more than offset growth in WileyPLUS and other digital revenue. For the quarter, adjusted contribution to profit including allocated shared service and administrative costs improved $2 million to a loss of $8 million due to top-line results and higher margin digital products. Adjusted contribution to profit for the quarter excludes a $1 million restructuring charge.
For the fiscal year, Education revenue grew 7% to $334 million excluding FX. Online program management revenue from Deltak ($34 million) and digital product revenue were partially offset by lower print textbook sales. Excluding the impact of Deltak, full-year Education revenue declined 4%. Adjusted contribution to profit for fiscal year 2013 including allocated shared service and administrative costs fell 11% to $52 million excluding restructuring charges of $1 million. Performance was due to top-line results.
Fourth Quarter Revenue by Product/Service (excluding FX):
Print Textbook revenue declined 26% to $24 million.
Custom Print increased by 61% to $1 million.
Ebooks grew 3% to $6 million.
Online Program Management (Deltak) for higher education institutions was $17 million. Annual revenue at the time of the acquisition was approximately $54 million.
WileyPLUS, an online teaching and learning environment, grew 32% to $12 million.
Deltak, one of the leading Online Program Management (OPM) providers in the United States, contributed $34 million in revenue in its first six months as a Wiley entity, versus $54 million in annual revenue at the time of acquisition. Deltak is a high-growth business that works in close partnership with leading colleges and universities to develop and support fully online degree and certification programs, with tuition revenue being shared by both partners under long-term contracts. The business, founded in 1997, provides technology platforms and services including market research validating program demand, instructional design, marketing, and student recruitment and retention services to leading national and regional colleges and universities throughout the United States.
In the fourth quarter, Deltak added two new university partners to the fold. Since the acquisition closed in October, Deltak has added five new university partners, the American University, Case Western Reserve University, Queens University of Charlotte, Butler University and the University of Dayton for a total of 31. In the fourth quarter Deltak contracted 24 new programs from among new and existing partners. Across Deltak’s partner base as of April 30, 2013 there are approximately 100 revenue-generating programs and 46 programs under contract and in development but not yet generating revenue. During the quarter the Company received a commitment from Queens University of Charlotte for a campus-wide implementation of the Deltak Engage Learning Management system.
The Company provides cash flow and income measures referred to as adjusted revenue, EPS and free cash flow, which exclude certain items. Management believes the exclusion of such items provides additional information to facilitate the analysis of results. These non-GAAP measures are not intended to replace the financial results reported in accordance with GAAP.
Wiley is a global provider of knowledge and knowledge-based solutions that improve outcomes in research, education, and professional practice. Our core businesses produce scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly journals, reference works, books, database services, and advertising; professional books, subscription products, certification and training services and online applications; and education content and services including integrated online teaching and learning resources for undergraduate and graduate students and lifelong learners. Wiley’s global headquarters are located in Hoboken, New Jersey, with operations in the U.S., Europe, Asia, Canada, and Australia. The Company’s website can be accessed at http://www.wiley.com.